Year 1962
Publisher Edition Peters
Program Notes


[The revised Peters Edition score of 2007 replaces all previous editions. Several errors in the previous score have been corrected in this edition.]

NOVARA was composed, at the request of Lukas Foss, for a Fromm concert at the Tanglewood Festival in the summer of 1962 and the first performance was conducted there by the composer. The work was written just after the composing and Venice premiere of AVAILABLE FORMS II (for 98 instruments and two conductors), and is a kind of “relaxing” into the intimacy and delicacy of chamber music and soloistic possibilities after the very large resources and massed orchestral sounds of that work. NOVARA is an “open-form” work and uses many of the less characteristic sounds of the instruments that are sometimes referred to as “noises” but are nevertheless instrumental sounds which can extend the formal and expressive potential of the work. “Open-form” means that all of the sound materials in the work are notated and controlled in the score but that their sequence, juxtaposition, tempi, and repetition are left to the spontaneous (during the performance) decisions of the conductor as the performing process develops and unfolds between himself, the sound materials and the musicians. The form of the work is therefore unique in each performance but it is always NOVARA because only those composed sound events may be used.

—Earle Brown

More Information "Open form" composition.
See the full score of NOVARA here

Audio Samples


Selected Performances 1962-00-00 Tanglewood Festival
Conductor: Earle Brown
first performance

1969-01-14 Peabody Conservatory of Music
Ensemble: The Peabody Contemporary Ensemble
Conductor: Earle Brown

1974-03-08 Rotterdam
Ensemble: Rotterdam Philharmonic

1975-03-20 University of York

1983-11-18 Strasbourg, France

1985-11-26 Freiburg, Germany, Institut fuer Neue Musik

1988-10-31 Boston, New England Conservatory

1990-10-15 Vienna
Ensemble: Klangforum

2008-03-09 BBC R3 Cardiff
Ensemble: Contemporary Music Ensemble of Wales
Conductor: Gordon Downie

2016-01-19 Good Shepherd Center, Seattle, WA
Inverted Space Ensemble 

2016-03-18 Dallas Museum of Art
Ensemble Sounds Modern
Conductor: Joseph Klein

Selected works 1952-1965 (released 2006)
Performed by:
Produced by: New World Records

Buy this recording New World Records,

American Masters Series: Earle Brown (released 1999)
Performed by: Various
Produced by: CRI (note: this has been reissued as "Selected Works 1952-1965" by New World Records)

Buy this recording CRI (note: this has been reissued as "Selected Works 1952-1965" by New World Records)